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Book of Abstracts

11th IFOAM
Scientific Conference
11-15 August 1996
Copenhagen, Denmark

Abstract front page
Subject index
Athor index


Organic agriculture for Bangladesh S30

Ahmad, Q.K.1; Ericksen, Neil J.2; Kenny, Gavin J.2; Warrick, Richard A.2

1) Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad, 33, Road 4, Dhanmondi R.A.,P.O. Box 5007 (New Market), Dhaka-1205,Bangladesh; 2)Centre for Environmental and Resource Studies University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105Hamilton, New Zealand

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Bangladesh is a highly vulnerable country. The land area of 148 393 km2 supports a population of 122 million, which is expected to double in the next 30 years. Around 84 percent are rural dwellers, the majority of whom struggle for basic human needs. The country is a very low-lying deltaic country, which is subject to severe flooding during the monsoon season, tropical cyclones and drought. Agriculture is predominantly rice culture and land use is highly intensified. Over the last 40 years traditional rice cultivars and agricultural practices have been replaced by HYVs and associated fertilisers and pesticides. The immediate benefits of such practices were higher yields and improved food self-sufficiency. However the long-term cost has been declining soil quality, loss of local cultivars and declining yields. This situation is compounded by the high population density, already intensive land use and vulnerability to climate. This paper describes a programme that has been initiated to determine the viability of organic and biodynamic farming for Bangladesh and to promote the adoption of such practices. A preliminary workshop has already been held in Dhaka and a demonstration unit has been established.