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Book of Abstracts

11th IFOAM
Scientific Conference
11-15 August 1996
Copenhagen, Denmark

Abstract front page
Subject index
Athor index


Economics outlines of Brasilian organic coffee S25

Magalhaes, Marcelo Marques de1; Carmo, Maristela Simoes do2; Comitre,Valeria3; Harkaly, Alexandre Huberto4; Pimenta Sérgi4

1) Agron., Faculdade de Engenharia Agricola/UNICAMP. Caixa Postal 6011, CEP13081-970, Campinas, SP, Brazil; 2) Dra., Instituto de Economia Agricola/SAASP, Rua Engenheiro Edward de Vita Godoy, 664, CEP 13084-380, Campinas, SP, Brazil; 3) MSc, Faculdade de Engenharia Mecaânica/UNICAMP,Rua Engenheiro Edward de Vita Godoy, 664, CEP 13084-380, Campinas, SP,Brazil; 4) Agron., Instituto Biodinaâmico. Caixa Postal 321, CEP 18603-970,Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

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Lately, the sustainable agriculture has been reminded as an alternative for food yield, able to provide human nutritional needs at the present and in the future. Beyond its technical feasibility decreasing environmental impacts, it's also important to prove its economics feasibility. The main objective was the comparison between coffee organic production and coffee chemical-conventional production in Minas Gerais State, the greater brazilian producer. The data was obtained through interviews with the farmers, during 1994/95 harvest. The technological levels and the profitabilities of three organic systems and one conventional system were measured by technical and economic indicators. The results point out a better yield for the organic coffee production, between 1320 Kg/ha and 2040Kg/ha, while the conventional system produced 1200 Kg/ha. In a way, the organic systems employ greater amounts of labour and organic fertilizers.The profitabilities (gross income less costs) were get in two levels. The effective, where did not compute monetaries expenses with familiar labour, internal inputs and machineries/equipments depreciation compounds, and the total, where these monetaries values were computed. It gets for the first level, respectively for the three organic systems and conventional system, the values 3.02, 2.60, 2.58 and 1.37, in US$/Kg, for the profitabilities. In the second level, the values were 2.93, 2.18, 0.22and 1.27, in US$/Kg. The differences among these levels in the organic systems consider the importance of those compounds in association with products sales in a higher price market. The technical and economic feasibilities of organic systems compared with conventional system was proved by the production systems elements, physicals inputs requirements and the effective and total profitabilities.